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A few words about Gythio:
Gythio (ΓΥΘΕΙΟ in Greek), also Gythio, Githeio or
Githio is a town of Laconia in Greece, long known as the seaport of Sparta
some 30 miles inland. It lies at the northwestern end of the Gulf of Laconia,
in a fertile small plain around the mouth of the Gythius River.
The reputed founders of ancient Gythium were Heracles and Apollo, who
frequently appear on its coins: the former of these names may point to the
influence of Phoenician traders, who, we know, visited the Laconian shores at
a very early period. In classical times it was a community of Periokoi,
politically dependent on Sparta, though doubtless with a municipal life of its
In 455 BC, during the first Peloponnesian War, it was burned by the Athenian
admiral Tolmides. In 370 BC Epaminondas besieged it unsuccessfully for three
days. Its fortifications were strengthened by the tyrant Nabis, but in 195 BC
it was invested and taken by Titus and Lucius Quintius Flamininus, and, though
recovered by Nabis two or three years later, was recaptured immediately after
his murder (192 BC) by Philopoemen and Aulus Atilius, and remained in the
Achaean League until the league's dissolution in 146 BC.
Subsequently Gythium formed the most important of the Eleutherolaconian towns,
a group of twenty-four, later eighteen, communities leagued together to
maintain their autonomy against Sparta and declared free by Caesar Augustus.
The highest officer of the confederacy was the general, who was assisted by a
treasurer (rauias), while the chief magistrates of the several communities
bore the title of ephors.
Pausanias (iii. 21 f.) has left us a description of the town as it existed in
the reign of Marcus Aurelius, the agora, the Acropolis, the island of Cranae (Marathonisi)
where Paris celebrated his nuptials with Helen of Troy, the Migonium or
precinct of Aphrodite Migonitis (occupied by the modern town), and the hill
Larysium (Koumaro) rising above it. The numerous remains extant, of which the
theatre and the buildings partially submerged by the sea are the most
noteworthy, all belong to the Roman period.
The modern Gythio opened a port in the 1960s. It is the See of the Diocese of
Gytheion and Oitylo, headed by a Metropolitan bishop of the Orthodox Church of
From 2003 to 2004, the show which broadcasted on Mega Channel Vendetta, a
drama-like show which is about a person that has its relatives in the Mani
Peninsula was filmed here for a few episodes.
The geography of Gythio includes houses align with the hill and the Laconian
Gulf. The port is situated around its main street which is also GR-37 which
links Areopoli and GR-86. Pine trees are situated in the west and rocky
mountains in the north.
Gytheio is well known for its gorgeous girls and its delicious sea food.
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